ABOUT DYSLEXIA NIGERIA
To contribute to a world where those with Dyslexia can reach their full potential
Who we are
Dyslexia Nigeria is a registered company that is established to educate and convene individuals living with dyslexia. We aim to bring together everyone concerned with dyslexia in Nigeria; parents, carers, parents, government agencies etc in order to create an environment where the dyslexic individual can develop to their full potential.
We provide guidance to teachers in the support of pupils with dyslexia in order to enable schools to teach these pupils in mainstream classrooms.
Dyslexia Nigeria also offers workshops and awareness programmes to provide participants with knowledge and understanding of dyslexia.
Dyslexia Nigeria is independently funded through fund raising and charging for specific services. We do not currently receive any government funding.
What is Dyslexia?
The international Dyslexia Association (IDA) and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) adopted the following definitions of Dyslexia.
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties especially result from a default in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.
Signs of Dyslexia include:
- Delayed early language development.
- Reads words in the wrong order.
- Difficulty in remembering the entire alphabet.
- Difficulty following multiple spoken instructions.
- Inserts or deletes letters in a word when spelling.
- Problems recognizing the differences between similar sounds or segmenting words.
- Confuses letters with similar shapes, such as b/d, p/q, m/w, f/t, n/ú.
Dyslexia is not the same for everyone.
– It can be mild or severe;
– It varies depending on other strengths or difficulties
– It varies depending on the kind of support and encouragement that is given at school, at home and at work.
One thing we know for certain about dyslexia is that this is one small area of difficulty in a sea of strengths. Having trouble with reading does not mean that dyslexics have trouble with everything. Most children with dyslexia are very good at a lot of other things. The Yale Center for Dyslexia & Creativity.
What is the prognosis?
“For those with dyslexia, the prognosis is mixed. The disability affects such a wide range of people and produces such different symptoms and varying degrees of severity that predictions are hard to make. The prognosis is generally good, however, for individuals whose dyslexia is identified early, who have supportive family and friends and a strong self-image, and who are involved in a proper remediation program” NIH.gov.
What research is being done?
Two institutes of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) support major research on dyslexia (and other institutes may on occasion also support studies on learning disabilities or neurological conditions including dyslexia). The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) support ongoing dyslexia research through grants to major research institutions across the country. Current research avenues focus on developing techniques to diagnose and treat dyslexia and other learning disabilities, increasing the understanding of the biological and possible genetic bases of learning disabilities, and exploring the relationship between neurophysiological processes and cognitive functions with regard to reading ability and learning. This information is provided by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and the National Institute of Health.